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Auto, Motorcycle, Truck and RV Dealer Fraud & Scams
Buying a car is not on our list of things we like to do, but the process comes around every few years to make us feel uneasy at best, and sometimes distrustful at worst. After all, negative publicity about the shady practices of some car dealers gives us a healthy dose of skepticism every time we walk into a showroom.
Of course, most new and used car dealers ethically conduct business. As we have heard before, it is just a few rotten apples that spoil the batch. As a consumer purchasing a car, truck, motorcycle, or RV in California, you should know the types of scams some car dealers try to pull, as well as what you need to do if you fall victim to auto fraud.
Certified Car Dealer Fraud Cases
According to California consumer protection law, a car, truck, motorcycle, or RV dealership cannot promote a used car, as certified if one or more of the following conditions exist:
- The Dealer lied about the odometer reading and it does not reflect an accurate number of miles.
- The car dealer knew about the rollback of an odometer or the replacement of an old odometer with a brand new odometer.
- The car dealership should have known about the manufacturer (GM, Ford, Tesla, Hyundai etc.)taking back a car due to a state or federal warranty law.
- The car, motorcycle, truck or RV’s title has the word “junk, flood, salvage, manufacturer repurchase, or lemon law buyback” inscribed clearly.
- Damage to the car caused by fire, flood, or impact diminishes the safety of a vehicle.
- The Dealer knew about damage to the frame of a car.
- The Dealer refused to honor any warranties.
- Dealership failed to deliver a state-approved inspection report before closing a sale.
California Car Laws that Protect You
Although not as historically significant as the Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution, the California Car Buyer’s Bill of Rights packs a powerful legal punch. Licensed car dealerships must provide prospective buyers with a detailed itemized list for each financial component that makes up the total price of a car, truck, motorcycle, or RV for sale. Car dealers must also present each customer’s credit score and explain how the business plans to use the score in determining creditworthiness.
The California Car Buyer’s Bill of Rights places a financing fee cap on car loans. Anytime a car dealer offers a certified new or used car for sale, it must present a customer with a copy of the inspection report that verifies the vehicle is certified. A limit placed on contract cancellation fees, as well as restocking fees, ensures car dealers do not attempt to price gouge car buyers.
California is considered the leader on a large number of social, political, and economic initiatives. On the economic front, one of the most influential consumer protection laws in the country is called the California Consumer Legal Remedies Act (CLRA). The landmark California law not only lists numerous fraudulent business practices, but also gives consumers legal remedies to get justice.
The unlawful practices mentioned in the CLRA describe generic “goods and services.” However, the CLRA clearly has legal relevance for auto dealerships that engage in fraudulent business practices. Under the CLRA, businesses are prohibited from implementing the following practices:
- Lying about the source of goods or services
- Claiming goods are new when in fact they have deteriorated in condition
- Denigrating the quality of the goods and services offered by another business
- Making false statements regarding the reason(s) for a price reduction of a good or service
- Claiming a good or service is needed, when in fact it is not
- Misleading consumers into thinking a sales agent or representative has the authority to close deals
- Adding an unreasonable provision into a sales contract
- Stating a good or service is one thing when it is quite another thing
The last prohibited practice applies especially to car dealerships that claim the auto repair shop used manufacturer parts when the shop used aftermarket parts.
According to the CLRA, legal remedies for consumers that fall victim to fraudulent business practice, include restitution, actual damages, punitive damages, and an order issued by a judge that prevents a dealership from implementing future fraudulent business practices.
The California Business and Professions Code addresses issues that consumers bring up regarding dealer auto fraud. However, most consumers do not know what protections the California Business and Professions Code grants them.
Auto dealerships must post a notice in a high-traffic area of a dealership that states there is not a no-cancellation policy for leased and purchased vehicles. Consumers have the right to cancel a contract for cause, such as in the case of fraudulent activities. Auto dealerships also must offer a two-day cancellation option for some pre-owned car sales that have a purchase price under $40,000.
Without understanding the provisions written into the California Business and Professions Code, many consumers might notice a no-cancellation policy and believe they have to follow the policy.
Types of Car Dealer Fraud
Auto dealerships that engage in fraud typically take advantage of the trust customers develop during the sales process. Consumers should know that auto fraud can happen at any point, from the first time you come across the car of your dreams to the day you sign the sales contract.
Here are the most common types of auto dealer fraud:
False advertising is used by car dealers to attract customers. One of the most popular and time-tested acts of false advertising is called bait and switch, which involves a car dealer displaying one make and model in an advertising medium like a newspaper. When customers visit the dealership to get an up-close look at the vehicle, a sales rep aggressively pitches a different make and model car.
Another act of advertising fraud occurs when a car dealer advertises a discount special on a car that comes with certain accessories. When potential customers stop by the showroom to see the specially priced car, another car with the same accessories is in its place. The catch is the non-advertised car is priced higher, which means the dealer has tricked potential customers into stopping by the showroom.
Because of the vast number of resources online, this once popular auto fraud practice has waned in popularity. However, some consumers do not conduct enough research or they conduct inaccurate research on the value of a trade-in. An unscrupulous auto dealership might take advantage of the lack of knowledge by offering a price for a trade-in the is significantly lower than what the vehicle is worth.
Odometers present an accurate measurement of how far a car has traveled. Mileage is a key component for establishing the value of an automobile, which gives unethical businesses incentive to roll back the clock, so to speak. Advanced technology has diminished the negative impact of odometer rolling, but the practice is still in play for some car dealerships.
Although associated mostly with pre-owned vehicles, car dealers can also hide the damage done to a new model. From concealing chipped paint to buffering a faulty suspension, unethical car dealerships fail to disclose damage to prevent customers from asking for lower prices. Asking for an itemized list of damages is an effective way to cover your tracks in case you have to file a complaint against a business that implements this fraudulent practice.
Some makes and models roll off the assembly line with one or more major defects. Other common causes of automotive defects are accidents and weather damage such as floods. When a customer brings a defective vehicle back to a dealership, one of the sales reps might try to sell the defective vehicle as new, as opposed to calling the car for what it is: Defective.
The Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act requires consumers to participate in mandatory arbitration only if a warranty clearly defines arbitration as the preferred method to settle a dispute between a consumer and a car dealership. Because most express warranties do not include a mandatory arbitration clause, resolving a lemon dispute does not have to go to arbitration. Many state laws do not include the arbitration disclosure provision for resolving lemon disputes.
5 FAQs for New & Used Car Dealer Fraud
California consumer protection attorneys hear a long list of questions that concern auto fraud. Here are the answers to five common questions:
The short answer is to be alert for possible scams. From car advertisements to hidden fees in sales contracts, there are dozens of ways a car dealer can trick you into doing something you do not want to do. Research different car, motorcycle and RV dealers by reading online reviews. Network with friends, family members, and professional peers to receive recommendations. Word of mouth advertising from the people you trust is still an effective strategy to shop for just about anything.
Yes, and a California consumer protection lawyer can help you build your case. An attorney can help you collect evidence and coach you on how to respond to questions during a deposition. You should also involve the appropriate government department and law enforcement agency.
Shopping for a car online is a sound way to research specific makes and models. However, you never want to give any personal or financial information to a car dealership via cyberspace. The same false advertising laws in California that apply to print publications and electronic media sources also apply to digital advertising. If a car dealer makes a false claim on its website, then the dealer has violated a California consumer protection law.
You should not step into a car dealers showroom without having developed a shopping plan. Know what you want in a car, truck, motorcycle or RV and stick to your shopping strategy. Do not allow a sales rep to make a sales pitch for a vehicle that you do not want. Avoid mentioning your trade-in until after negotiating a fair price, which should be about the price of the car and not the amount of the monthly payments. Finally, never give a car dealer your keys or your driver’s license
Give the dealer the chance to make things right. Demonstrate that you have gathered enough evidence that proves the dealer lied to you. With you presenting persuasive evidence, a car dealer might correct the auto fraud issue. You can also file a complaint with the California Bureau of Automotive Repair. If you do not get any satisfaction for your auto fraud case, take it to a California Consumer Protection attorney.
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Work with a California Auto Fraud Lawyer
Filing a civil lawsuit against a car dealer that committed auto fraud might lead to winning monetary damages. In addition to actual damages, you might be able to force the dealer to pay for legal costs and pay you restitution for some or all of the cost of the vehicle.
California law allows plaintiffs in auto fraud cases to receive punitive damages, which is money set aside to punish car dealers for violating one or more of California’s Consumer Protection laws. Also referred to as exemplary damages, a judge orders punitive damages to deter a car dealer from committing future fraudulent acts.
In California, fraud means “intentional misrepresentation, deceit, or concealment of a material fact known to the defendant with the intention on the part of the defendant of thereby depriving a person of property or legal rights or otherwise causing injury.”
If you think that you are a victim of auto fraud, you should contact a California-licensed Consumer Protection lawyer who has a record of winning auto fraud cases.
Your lawyer can help you organize the paperwork you need to submit during a civil lawsuit, as well as provide you with advice on how to proceed with your auto fraud case. Consumer protection lawyers can also negotiate settlements that prevent a case from reaching the litigation stage.